Hi there guys, welcome to my fibres and fabrics series. In this video, section one, i’m going to be talking about some customary materials that you just likely have or will come across. And what the professionals and cons are for each everyday use and the environmental affect. Phase two can be about vegan synthetic versus animal materials. And part three will be all about upcycled and recycled substances. So surely examine those out as well. So first up is cotton, and i’m going to include time codes below for the different substances if you want to bounce ahead or reference distinct ones. Cotton is generally probably the most original material and it can be a common fibre, it comes from the cotton plant And it’s: smooth, breathable (that means that air can move by way of it and moisture can evaporate by means of it), handy to scrub (it’s laptop washable), absorbent, versatile ( there may be lots of one of a kind types of cotton materials and clothes), it is good for men and women with allergic reactions or dermis sensitivities The cons are that it doesn’t keep dye quite well so it fades overtime and might also bleed whilst being washed.It wrinkles, it could minimize in hot water, especially the primary time it is washed. The environmental pros are that it’s biodegradable. And the environmental cons are that it wants quite a few water to grow. It’s also traditionally bleached and chemically treated and dyed. Cotton additionally has some of the very best pesticide makes use of for vegetation. And it’s generally GMO as good. However these two matters are averted through purchasing organic cotton. Next is Linen, and it can be one more average material It comes from the flax plant and it was once used all the way back in historical Egypt. And linen as a fibre is: breathable, long lasting, lightweight, absorbent, it is most likely very cool and excellent for summer season, I additionally read that it can be antimicrobial but I wasn’t able to search out very much in-depth knowledge to back that up The cons are that is wrinkles easily It usually requires gentler or hand washing and sometimes there is fake linen or ‘linen appear’ fabric so that you ought to be careful of that. The environmental execs are that it requires little pesticides and water to develop, specifically compared to cotton. And it is biodegradable.And the cons are that it may well commonly be dyed with toxic chemical substances however it depends on the way it’s made. An extra plant fibre is hemp. And it comes from the hashish plant however a form that is most effective used for hemp construction. And as a fibre it’s: durable, absorbent, it turns into softer with put on and washing, it can be breathable and it can also be hypoallergenic. The cons are that it could oftentimes be rough, it wrinkles and extraordinary international locations usually have very strict laws round growing and processing hemp.So there are difficulties round that with hemp fabric production. The environmental execs are that it does not require pesticides or plenty of water to develop, It does not expend vitamins and minerals from the soils so it is a quite good crop. It’s biodegradable and because it is very long lasting the garments often final long And for environmental cons, I rather could not in finding something. It can be essentially noticeable as being essentially the most eco-pleasant fabric. Then there may be polyester, which is probably going the most fashioned synthetic fibre. It is constituted of petrochemicals and is: wrinkle resistant, long lasting, it dries swiftly it’s colourfast, it can be machine washable it tends to continue it can be form well and it’s inexpensive.The cons are that it does not breathe which will additionally intent it to emerge as pungent, it builds up static and it may additionally irritate the dermis. An environmental professional is that it may be recycled however this does require one other chemical process. And the environmental cons are that it does not biodegrade, fibres come off of it when it is being washed and those emerge as polluting the ocean, it is power intensive and very polluting to make, poisonous chemical substances are used to make it and additionally it is very difficult to dye which requires quite a lot of chemicals. Then we have wool. Wool is a common protein fibre like your hair. And it quite often comes from sheep but may come from alpacas, goats and different animals. Wool as a fibre is: very heat (it is even heat when moist), water-proof, durable, very absorbent, flame resistant and hypoallergenic. The cons are that it shrinks in scorching water, it have to be hand washed or dry cleaned, it will possibly pill and depending on the type of wool, it may be itchy or disturbing to the epidermis. The environmental professionals are that it can be without problems dyed, which mostly means there are much less harsh chemical compounds used, it can be biodegradable and due to the fact it can be very long lasting it means that the garment will ordinarily wear rather good and will also be saved for a long time. The environmental cons are that due to the fact that it comes from an animal there are disorders and considerations across the healing and care and health of those animals.And i will talk extra about that partly two. Poisonous chemical substances and pesticides may also be used and this can be refrained from with the aid of looking for healthy wool. Subsequent is acrylic which is a synthetic petrochemical fibre. It used to be developed to be a man made alternative to wool and it is: light-weight, gentle, colourfast, laptop washable and low priced. The cons are that it tends to capsule with ease it would not breathe, it builds up static. For the environmental professionals, I quite could not to find something. And the cons are that it would not biodegrade, it can be not without problems recycled, there are poisonous chemicals used to make it, it’s energy intensive and once more fibres wash off of it that finish polluting the oceans. Then there may be silk which is a traditional protein fibre. It comes from the cocoon of the silk worm. And it is: very smooth, it has a normal sheen, it’s lightweight has a good drape, so it more commonly appears very first-rate in apparel and it is most often excellent for extraordinarily touchy dermis.The cons are that it’s high priced, it requires hand washing or dry cleaning, it’s not very long lasting and it is prone to discolouration from daylight or perspiration. The environmental professionals are that it is biodegradable, and it dyes very readily. And the environmental cons are that the silk worms are certainly killed in the process of harvesting the silk from the cocoons so it isn’t in any respect an ethical or vegan fabric.Subsequent is nylon one other artificial created from petrochemicals It used to be developed to be an artificial alternative for silk. And it is: powerful, weather resistant, versatile, water repellent, computer washable, it dries quickly and it can be affordable. The cons are that some forms of nylon build up static, it could irritate epidermis The environmental execs are that it is a pretty durable fabric so the garment will most often final a very long time And for the cons, like with polyester, fibres come off when it is washed that turn out to be polluting the oceans, poisonous chemical substances are used to make it, there are a number of damaging emissions, it can be vigor intensive and it can be no longer biodegradable.Then there’s spandex, also known as elastane or lycra. It is an awfully elastic fibre also produced from petrochemicals. And it can be generally located blended with different fibres. It is: stretchy, it helps garments retain their form, and it could possibly aid with fit. The cons are that it breaks down over time, it may well additionally turn out to be brittle and yellow. The environmental execs are that it could help make clothes no longer stretch out and the environmental cons are that it does not biodegrade, it’s vigor intensive and polluting to make and toxic chemicals are used. Sooner or later there may be a few naturally derived artificial fibres. The first i’ll speak about is rayon and it is primarily constructed from a wooden pulp that goes by means of a chemical method. And as a fibres it can be: tender, low-priced, absorbent, anti-static, (not like other artificial substances), The cons are that it’s now not very long lasting, it tends to tablet, it wrinkles, it loses force when moist and may effortlessly turn out to be misshapen and it additionally shrinks very comfortably.I without a doubt couldn’t fairly find any atmosphere pros for rayon besides for the fact that it makes use of less toxic chemical compounds than different synthetics however there is nonetheless poisonous chemical compounds, so I still see that as a con. Due to the fact it can be a timber pulp it may well contribute to deforestation and it’s power intensive to make. There may be also bamboo and the vast majority of bamboo is absolutely bamboo viscose or a bamboo rayon And international locations have exceptional legal guidelines about whether or now not it must be labeled as viscose derived from bamboo or a bamboo rayon. But clearly it can be the same process as rayon but as a substitute of using timber pulp, they use bamboo. And as a fibre it’s soft, breathable, very absorbent, and in addition would not construct up static. The cons are that like rayon, some bamboo materials will tablet rather with ease and i admire I acknowledged unique countries will have distinct ideas as how it’s alleged to be labeled so that may be confusing.The environmental execs are that bamboo could be very renewable to develop and requires little water and pesticides. And the cons are that there are still toxic chemical substances used to make the fabric, and it is power intensive. And the final fibre i’m going to talk about is lyocell or tencel. And it can be an extra naturally derived synthetic made out of wood pulp. And it’s: gentle, very absorbent, resistant to wrinkles, versatile, long lasting, breathable, anti-static and in addition claims to be hypoallergenic. The cons are that it could possibly pill without problems and also oftentimes desires unique care. The environmental execs are that it is biodegradable, it can be made in a closed loop approach so the chemicals are recycled. And it is so much less poisonous to supply than different synthetics and traditional synthetics like rayon. The cons are that it’s nonetheless makes use of fairly a bit of of energy to produce and on the grounds that it does come from timber pulp it might also contribute to deforestation however overall it is the most environmentally pleasant synthetic material.So of path there are additionally other substances than those I’ve acknowledged and you’ll be able to additionally possible in finding a variety of blends. And blends can combine the advantages of both substances however it might additionally negate a few of them. For instance, a polyester/cotton combo will imply that the object is no longer biodegradable. As you’ve got quite often observed, no fabric is ideal. And it’s close to attempting your fine to make told choices and in addition identifying the proper materials for the perform of the garment. I in my view attempt to persist with ordinary substances for each comfort and environmental causes. But it doesn’t make experience at all times. For illustration with swimming wear, it makes much more feel to have something that doesn’t soak up water and dries rapidly. So i’m hoping you will have discovered this exciting and probably learned something. Please let me comprehend within the feedback if they are any professionals or cons that I missed.Thanks so much for watching and i’m going to see you within the next one. .